Urban-Planning

Curs
8/10 (2 voturi)
Domeniu: Construcții
Conține 1 fișier: doc
Pagini : 48 în total
Cuvinte : 18607
Mărime: 343.22KB (arhivat)
Cost: Gratis

Extras din document

Urban-planning means the unified development of cities and their neighbourhoods. For most of its history, urban-planning delat primarily with the regulation of land use and the physical arrangement of city structures, as guided by architectural, engineering, and land-development criteria. In the mid-20th century it broadened to include the comprehensive guidance to the physical, economic and social environment of a community. Elements characteristics of modern urban-planning include:

- general plans that summarize the objectives of (and restrains on) land development;

- zoning and subdivision controls that specify permissible land uses, densities, and requirements for streets, utility services and other improvements;

- plans for traffic flow and public transport;

- strategies for economic revitalization of depressed urban and rural areas;

- strategies for supportive action to help disadvantaged social groups;

- guidelines for environmental protection and preservation of resources.

The generic term of town has today a variety of forms: traditional town, metropolis, urban area, and urban agglomeration. It is better to use a wider meaning of the notion, which is urban phenomenon. This term covers all the urban forms, whatever their size.

During the last decades the town-planning term suffered important changes compared with the initial meaning. Even though this practice of organising the space is very old, the town-planning is a recent discipline born at the end of the XIXth century. Today town-planning includes a wide range in which are involved many urban disciplines: sociology, urban economy, urban engineering, urban financial administration, and urban low.

For the sociologist, the city is the physical expression of the inner social relations; for the engineer, the city is a system of under structures of all kinds; for the ecologist, it represents the condensation of human productions that disturbs the natural order; for the economist, it is the ensemble of profitableness factors often unequally distributed.

-The urban structure term reflects better the urban phenomenon on the whole and offers a simple and effective model starting from the systems and structures systems.

Town-planning is a spatial expression of politics such as: economics, social, cultural, ecological.

It concerns all the aspects connected to:

-physical and spatial planning;

-arrangements ;

-financial administration

of the terrains at all levels (rural, urban, metropolitan, regional, national, international).

-It requests an interdisciplinary approach for the integration of all aspects: physical, social, cultural, economical, political.

-It requests a work in a team.

The town-planning methods include:

-the synthesis and analysis;

-the composition and creation;

-the financial administration of the territory.

Generally speaking, this science has in view some aspects like: history, organisation, equipping, long term development, conservation and administration of a town. The aim of planning is to efficiently transform the reality and change it in accordance with the human aspirations. Planning means to settle the objectives and the achievement ways of them. The followed steps are:

-the settlement of problems to solve;

-the definition of the goals;

-the evaluation of ways;

-the assessment of the efficiency;

-the fixing of the realistic goals, taking into account the problems emergency;

-the searching of the priority order;

-the differentiation of the objectives in accordance with the priority list;

-the selection of the proper intervention ways;

-the insurance of the objectives achievement in the foreseen period of time.

The town-planning is the science that studies the arrangements of towns and their surroundings using different ways for a better site of streets, buildings and public services in a manner that can give to the inhabitants healthy, convenient and agreeable conditions.

-The shape of a square, the site of a lighting post in a street, of a tree, the combing manners of the drinking and used water, the colour, shape and sitting of screen signs, street publicity, advertising the solving way of collective dwellings, organisation of the building terrains, places for statues, all of them are town-planning problems.

-The town-planning study analysis: how it originates the evolution in time, the adoption of human requirements at the zone topography, hygiene aspects, circulation, improving of life conditions of the community, arrangement and embellishment of town through:

Preview document

Urban-Planning - Pagina 1
Urban-Planning - Pagina 2
Urban-Planning - Pagina 3
Urban-Planning - Pagina 4
Urban-Planning - Pagina 5
Urban-Planning - Pagina 6
Urban-Planning - Pagina 7
Urban-Planning - Pagina 8
Urban-Planning - Pagina 9
Urban-Planning - Pagina 10
Urban-Planning - Pagina 11
Urban-Planning - Pagina 12
Urban-Planning - Pagina 13
Urban-Planning - Pagina 14
Urban-Planning - Pagina 15
Urban-Planning - Pagina 16
Urban-Planning - Pagina 17
Urban-Planning - Pagina 18
Urban-Planning - Pagina 19
Urban-Planning - Pagina 20
Urban-Planning - Pagina 21
Urban-Planning - Pagina 22
Urban-Planning - Pagina 23
Urban-Planning - Pagina 24
Urban-Planning - Pagina 25
Urban-Planning - Pagina 26
Urban-Planning - Pagina 27
Urban-Planning - Pagina 28
Urban-Planning - Pagina 29
Urban-Planning - Pagina 30
Urban-Planning - Pagina 31
Urban-Planning - Pagina 32
Urban-Planning - Pagina 33
Urban-Planning - Pagina 34
Urban-Planning - Pagina 35
Urban-Planning - Pagina 36
Urban-Planning - Pagina 37
Urban-Planning - Pagina 38
Urban-Planning - Pagina 39
Urban-Planning - Pagina 40
Urban-Planning - Pagina 41
Urban-Planning - Pagina 42
Urban-Planning - Pagina 43
Urban-Planning - Pagina 44
Urban-Planning - Pagina 45
Urban-Planning - Pagina 46
Urban-Planning - Pagina 47
Urban-Planning - Pagina 48

Conținut arhivă zip

  • Urban-Planning.doc

Alții au mai descărcat și

Proiect la Topografie

1.)TEODOLIT ELECTRONIC Seria DT Aplicatii Teodolitul electronic seria DT are un sistem incremental optic de citire a unghiurilor cu ajutorul...

Fundatii

TEMA PROIECT Pentru amenajarea unei dane comerciale este necesara proiectarea urmatoarelor lucrari: 1. verificarea stabilitatii taluzului...

Cadastru Funciar

În cadrul activitǎţii de cadastru intervin lucrǎri de împarţire sau delimitare a unei suprafeţe, conform unei sarcini de proiect, numai în ce...

Instrumente Topografice

I. Studiul teodolitului 1) Definitie Teodolitul = instrument topografic care permite masurarea pe teren a unghiurilor orizontale () si verticale...

Model Memoriu Tehnic Sanitare

MEMORIU TEHNIC INSTALAŢII SANITARE 1 OBIECTUL PROIECTULUI Prezenta lucrare soluţionează la nivel de PT / DE instalaţiile sanitare aferente...

Documentatie topo-cadastrală privind Amplasamentul și Delimitarea Bunului Imobil

1. MEMORIU TEHNIC DOCUMENTATIE TOPO-CADASTRALA PRIVIND AMPLASAMENTUL SI DELIMITAREA BUNULUI IMOBIL Str. Avântului şi 9 Mai – mun. Alba Iulia...

Metode de Trasare a Coordonatelor Punctelor Caracteristice Constructiei

1. GENERALITĂŢI 1.1. Trasarea lucrărilor de detaliu a construcţiilor se execută pe baza proiectelor de execuţie a acestora, în raport cu punctele...

Lucrari Topografice la Proiectarea, Executia si Exploatarea Constructiilor Industriale si Civile

Cap.1 Lucrari topografice la proiectarea constructiilor industrial si civile. 1.1.1. Retele de sprijin topografice legate de proiectarea...

Ai nevoie de altceva?