Suportul de Curs la Limba Engleza

Curs
9/10 (2 voturi)
Domeniu: Drept
Conține 1 fișier: doc
Pagini : 26 în total
Cuvinte : 8058
Mărime: 61.48KB (arhivat)
Cost: Gratis

Extras din document

Theme: 1. The court system

I. Text:

Duncan Ritchie, a barrister, is talking to a visiting group of young European lawyers.

“Both criminal and civil courts in England and Wales primarily hear evidence and aim to determine what exactly happened in a case. Broadly speaking, the lower courts decide matters of fact and the upper courts normally deal with points of law. In England, simple civil actions, for example family matters such as undefended divorce, are normally heard in either the Magistrates’ Courts or the County Courts.

Judges have different titles depending on their experience, training, and level. A single stipendiary magistrate or three lay magistrates sit in the Magistrates’ Court. There’s no jury in a Magistrates’ Court. Family cases may go on appeal from the Magistrates’ Court to the County Courts. The County Court also hears complex first instance civil cases, such as contract disputes, compensation claims, consumer complaints about faulty goods or services, and bankruptcy cases. Claimants, previously referred to as plaintiffs, may seek a legal remedy for some harm or injury they have suffered. There are circuit judges and recorders who sit in the County Courts, usually without a jury. Juries are now rare in civil actions, so normally the judge considers both law and fact.

More complex civil cases, such as the administration of estates and actions for the recovery of land, are heard in the High Court of Justice, which is divided into three divisions: Family, Chancery and Queen’s Bench. The court has both original, that is, first instance, and appellate jurisdiction. From the High Court cases may go on appeal to the civil division of the Court of Appeal, which can reverse or uphold a decision of the lower courts. Its decisions bind all the lower civil courts. Civil cases may leapfrog from the High Court to the House of Lords, bypassing the Court of Appeal, when points of law of general public importance are involved. Appellants must, however, apply for leave to appeal. Decisions of the House of Lords are binding on all other courts but not necessarily on itself. The court of the House of Lords consists of twelve life peers appointed from judges and barristers. The quorum, or minimum number, of law lords for an appeal hearing is normally three, but generally there is a sitting of five judges”.

“About 95% of all criminal cases in England and Wales are tried in the Magistrates’ Courts, which deal with petty crimes, that is, less serious ones. In certain circumstances, the court may commit an accused person to the Crown Court for more severe punishment, either by way of a fine or imprisonment. Except in cases of homicide, children under 14 and young people – that is, minors between 14 and 17 years of age – must always be tried summarily, meaning without a jury, by a Youth Court. A Youth Court is a branch of the Magistrates’ Court. Indictable offences, that is, more serious ones such as theft, assault, drug dealing, and murder, are reserved for trial in the Crown Court. In almost all criminal cases, the State, in the name of the Crown, prosecutes a person alleged to have committed a crime. In England and Wales, a jury of twelve people decides whether the defendant is guilty of the crime she or he is charged with. The Crown Court my hear cases in circuit areas. From the Crown Court, appeal against conviction or sentence lies to the Criminal Division of the Court of Appeal. If leave to appeal is granted by that court, cases may go on appeal to the House of Lords”.

II. Grammar

Personal and reflexive-emphatic pronouns / Possessives

Personal pronouns Possessive determiners Possessive pronouns

as subject

(nominative) as object

(accusative and dative)

I me my mine

you you your yours

he him his his

she her her hers

it it its its

we us our ours

you you your yours

they them their theirs

1 2 3 4

We have some books. The books are for us. These are our books. The books are ours.

Reflexive pronouns

myself Ex. He carries the buckets himself.

yourself

himself

herself

itself

ourselves

yourselves

themselves

each other Ex. They help each other.

Possessive Case

With the addition of ‘s (or sometimes just the apostrophe), a noun can change from a plain old person, place or thing to a person, place or thing that owns something.

- If the noun doesn’t end with an s, add ‘s to the end of the noun.

Preview document

Suportul de Curs la Limba Engleza - Pagina 1
Suportul de Curs la Limba Engleza - Pagina 2
Suportul de Curs la Limba Engleza - Pagina 3
Suportul de Curs la Limba Engleza - Pagina 4
Suportul de Curs la Limba Engleza - Pagina 5
Suportul de Curs la Limba Engleza - Pagina 6
Suportul de Curs la Limba Engleza - Pagina 7
Suportul de Curs la Limba Engleza - Pagina 8
Suportul de Curs la Limba Engleza - Pagina 9
Suportul de Curs la Limba Engleza - Pagina 10
Suportul de Curs la Limba Engleza - Pagina 11
Suportul de Curs la Limba Engleza - Pagina 12
Suportul de Curs la Limba Engleza - Pagina 13
Suportul de Curs la Limba Engleza - Pagina 14
Suportul de Curs la Limba Engleza - Pagina 15
Suportul de Curs la Limba Engleza - Pagina 16
Suportul de Curs la Limba Engleza - Pagina 17
Suportul de Curs la Limba Engleza - Pagina 18
Suportul de Curs la Limba Engleza - Pagina 19
Suportul de Curs la Limba Engleza - Pagina 20
Suportul de Curs la Limba Engleza - Pagina 21
Suportul de Curs la Limba Engleza - Pagina 22
Suportul de Curs la Limba Engleza - Pagina 23
Suportul de Curs la Limba Engleza - Pagina 24
Suportul de Curs la Limba Engleza - Pagina 25
Suportul de Curs la Limba Engleza - Pagina 26

Conținut arhivă zip

  • Suportul de Curs la Limba Engleza.doc

Alții au mai descărcat și

Caiet Practica Juridica

In cadrul cabinetului de avocat “Sorin Boldi”, din Baroul Bucuresti. -s-au urmarit listele afisate la avizier cu privire la judecarea dosarelor...

Criminalitatea in randul copiilor abandonati

Іntrοduсеrе Desрre fenomenul ,,ϲoрііі străzіі” s-ɑ vorbіt рentru рrіmɑ oɑră în 1979 ϲu oϲɑzіɑ ɑnuluі іnternɑţіonɑl ɑl ϲoріluluі. În lіterɑturɑ de...

Caiet de Practica - Judecatoria Suceava

III. DESCRIEREA ACTIVITĂŢILOR DESFĂŞURATE Putrea judecatorească se exercită de înalta curte de Casaţie şi Justiţie şi de celelalte instanţe...

Raport de Practica - Judecatoria Sectorului Riscani

Practica sa desfăşurat în conformitate cu sarcinile specificate în programul practicii, instrucţiunile pentru studentul practicant, regulamentul...

Dreptul Englez

1. Legaturile originare dintre Europa si Insulele Britanice In vreme ce sistemele juridice latino-germane se bazeaza pe dreptul roman, in Anglia...

Caiet de Practica Parchetul de pe Langa Judecatoria Sectorului 6

UNIVERSITATEA SPIRU HARET Nume Stuent: CNP: Facultatea de Drept si Administratie Publica Specializare: Drept Forma de invatamant: Zi An...

Caiet Studiu Drept Administrativ

I. Noţiuni generale despre administraţia publică şi dreptul administrativ Consideraţii introductive privind dreptul administrativ şi administraţia...

Dictionar Juridic

acreditare: numirea în functia de reprezentant diplomatic permanent într-un stat strãin act juridic: manifestare de vointã prin care se dã...

Ai nevoie de altceva?