Irish Literature - History, Colonialism and The Themes of The Nation

Curs
9/10 (1 vot)
Domeniu: Engleză
Conține 1 fișier: doc
Pagini : 72 în total
Cuvinte : 27374
Mărime: 113.71KB (arhivat)
Cost: Gratis

Extras din document

CONQUESTS (1)

ANGLO NORMAN TRADITIONS

AND THE IRISH WRITER

- After the death of the famous High King Brian Boru in 1014, Ireland was at almost constant civil war for two centuries. The various families which ruled Ireland's four provinces were constantly fighting with one another for control of all of Ireland.

- At that time Ireland was like a federal kingdom, with five provinces (Ulster, Leinster, Munster and Connaught along with Meath, which was the seat of the High King) each ruled by kings who were all supposed to be loyal to the High King of Ireland.

1. THE NORMAN INVASION

1152 Dermot Mac Murrough, King of Leinster, abducts O’Rourke’s wife, Dervorgilla

1155 The Pope gives Ireland by papal Bull to Henry II

1166 Rory O’Conor and o’Rourke attack Dermot, forcing him to take refuge in Aquitaine.

1169 A Norman army, led by Richard FitzGilbert de Clare, Earl of Pembroke (Strongbow) lands in Ireland.

1171 Following Dermot’s death, Strongbow assumes the office of King of Leinster

1199 On John’s ascension to the English throne, the second phase of the Norman conquest is innitiated.

1366 The Statutes of Kilkenny acknowledge the Irish Revival of the 14th c.

- In the mid-1100's, two competing Irish Kings, Dermot MacMurrough of Leinster and Rory O’Connor of Connacht, feuded over the high kingship of Ireland.

- O'Connor was victorious, and MacMurrough was sent into exile.

- MacMurrough sought aid from Henry II, King of England, and invited the Anglo-Norman Earl of Pembroke, subsequently known as Strongbow, to invade part of Ireland and help him subdue his rival.

- Strongbow conquered much of the east, including Waterford, Wexford, and Dublin. Henry II wanted to insure that his lords did not set up an independent, rival kingdom in Ireland; hence Henry subsequently claimed the conquered lands as English domains. When O’Connor formally submitted to Henry in 1175 (thereby becoming the last High King in Irish history), the English conquest of Ireland (and the first holding in the future British Empire) had begun.

- During the next two centuries English occupation in Ireland consolidated itself, and the English married and mingled with the "native" Irish to form the Old Anglo-Irish or Old English, the elite ruling class who constituted the great earldoms of the 14th century.

- Though English by descent, this class soon considered itself Irish, so much so that an anxiety arose among the English about the "gaelicization" of the Anglo-Irish, resulting in the passage of the Statutes of Kilkenny in 1366.

2. NORMAN CULTURAL INFLUENCES:

o Within the Pale feudal estates are evolved. Gradually English civil government established in Ireland: exchequer, chancery, courts of justice, division into counties, parliament (Anglo-Irish only). During this time the great Old English (Anglo-Norman) families—Fitzgerald, de Burgh, Butler—form their power, and the Old Irish Kings—O’Connor, O’Brien, and O’Neill—still retain much of their ancient kingdoms.

o Southern varieties of English are introduced within the Pale. These mediaeval varieties of Hiberno-English become the language of commerce and administration, and still survive in rural Wexford and the north of Dublin.

o After the plantations of the 16th and 17th century, northern dialects of English and Inglis (dialect of the Scottish lowlands) are introduced in Ireland, forming the basis of modern Hiberno-English.

3. LITERARY PRODUCTIONS:

a) Chansons des geste: The Song of Dermot and the Earl

- Chansons de geste (Old French for "songs of heroic deeds“) are the epic poetry that appears at the dawn of French literature. The earliest known examples date from the late eleventh and early twelfth centuries, nearly a hundred years before the emergence of the lyric poetry of the troubadours and the earliest verse romances

- Composed in Old French, and made up of strophes of varying length linked by assonance - apparently intended for oral performance by jongleurs - the chansons de geste narrate legendary incidents (sometimes based on real events) in the history of France in the eighth and ninth centuries, the age of Charlemagne and Louis the Pious, with emphasis on their combats against the Moors and Saracens.

- The Song of Dermot and the Earl, is a chanson de geste, composed in the mid-thirteenth century, and assigned to Morice Regan, secretary to Dermot MacMurrough.

- The Song records Dermot’s journey to enlist the Norman support for regaining his kingdom, and the victory of Strongbow, followed by the latter’s subsequent marriage to Aoife, Dermot’s daughter.

THE SONG OF DERMOT AND THE EARL (c.1200-25)

Quant dermod, li reis vaillant,

Al rei henri par deuant

Esteit uenus a cele fiez,

Par deuant li rei engleis,

Mult le salue curteisement,

Bien ebel deuant la gent:

‘Icil deu ke meint en haut

Reis henri, vus ward e saut,

E vu donge ensement

Quer e curage e talent

Ma hunte uenger e ma peine,

Que fet me hunte le men demeine!( )

(When Dermot, the valiant king, before King Henry had come at this time, before the English king, very courteously he saluted him fairly and finely before his men: ‘May God who dwells on high guard and save you, King Henry, and give you also heart and courage and will to avenge my shame and my misfortune that my own people have brought upon me! Hear, noble King Henry, whence I was born, of what country. Of Ireland I was born a lord, in Ireland a king; but wrongfully my own people have cast me out of my kingdom. To you I come to make my claim, good sire, in the presence of the barons of your empire. Your liege man I shall become henceforth all the days of my life, on condition that you be my helper so that I do not lose at all: you I shall acknowledge as sire and lord, in the presence of your barons and lords.’ Then the king promised him, the powerful king of England, that wilfully would he help him as soon as he should be able.)

Preview document

Irish Literature - History, Colonialism and The Themes of The Nation - Pagina 1
Irish Literature - History, Colonialism and The Themes of The Nation - Pagina 2
Irish Literature - History, Colonialism and The Themes of The Nation - Pagina 3
Irish Literature - History, Colonialism and The Themes of The Nation - Pagina 4
Irish Literature - History, Colonialism and The Themes of The Nation - Pagina 5
Irish Literature - History, Colonialism and The Themes of The Nation - Pagina 6
Irish Literature - History, Colonialism and The Themes of The Nation - Pagina 7
Irish Literature - History, Colonialism and The Themes of The Nation - Pagina 8
Irish Literature - History, Colonialism and The Themes of The Nation - Pagina 9
Irish Literature - History, Colonialism and The Themes of The Nation - Pagina 10
Irish Literature - History, Colonialism and The Themes of The Nation - Pagina 11
Irish Literature - History, Colonialism and The Themes of The Nation - Pagina 12
Irish Literature - History, Colonialism and The Themes of The Nation - Pagina 13
Irish Literature - History, Colonialism and The Themes of The Nation - Pagina 14
Irish Literature - History, Colonialism and The Themes of The Nation - Pagina 15
Irish Literature - History, Colonialism and The Themes of The Nation - Pagina 16
Irish Literature - History, Colonialism and The Themes of The Nation - Pagina 17
Irish Literature - History, Colonialism and The Themes of The Nation - Pagina 18
Irish Literature - History, Colonialism and The Themes of The Nation - Pagina 19
Irish Literature - History, Colonialism and The Themes of The Nation - Pagina 20
Irish Literature - History, Colonialism and The Themes of The Nation - Pagina 21
Irish Literature - History, Colonialism and The Themes of The Nation - Pagina 22
Irish Literature - History, Colonialism and The Themes of The Nation - Pagina 23
Irish Literature - History, Colonialism and The Themes of The Nation - Pagina 24
Irish Literature - History, Colonialism and The Themes of The Nation - Pagina 25
Irish Literature - History, Colonialism and The Themes of The Nation - Pagina 26
Irish Literature - History, Colonialism and The Themes of The Nation - Pagina 27
Irish Literature - History, Colonialism and The Themes of The Nation - Pagina 28
Irish Literature - History, Colonialism and The Themes of The Nation - Pagina 29
Irish Literature - History, Colonialism and The Themes of The Nation - Pagina 30
Irish Literature - History, Colonialism and The Themes of The Nation - Pagina 31
Irish Literature - History, Colonialism and The Themes of The Nation - Pagina 32
Irish Literature - History, Colonialism and The Themes of The Nation - Pagina 33
Irish Literature - History, Colonialism and The Themes of The Nation - Pagina 34
Irish Literature - History, Colonialism and The Themes of The Nation - Pagina 35
Irish Literature - History, Colonialism and The Themes of The Nation - Pagina 36
Irish Literature - History, Colonialism and The Themes of The Nation - Pagina 37
Irish Literature - History, Colonialism and The Themes of The Nation - Pagina 38
Irish Literature - History, Colonialism and The Themes of The Nation - Pagina 39
Irish Literature - History, Colonialism and The Themes of The Nation - Pagina 40
Irish Literature - History, Colonialism and The Themes of The Nation - Pagina 41
Irish Literature - History, Colonialism and The Themes of The Nation - Pagina 42
Irish Literature - History, Colonialism and The Themes of The Nation - Pagina 43
Irish Literature - History, Colonialism and The Themes of The Nation - Pagina 44
Irish Literature - History, Colonialism and The Themes of The Nation - Pagina 45
Irish Literature - History, Colonialism and The Themes of The Nation - Pagina 46
Irish Literature - History, Colonialism and The Themes of The Nation - Pagina 47
Irish Literature - History, Colonialism and The Themes of The Nation - Pagina 48
Irish Literature - History, Colonialism and The Themes of The Nation - Pagina 49
Irish Literature - History, Colonialism and The Themes of The Nation - Pagina 50
Irish Literature - History, Colonialism and The Themes of The Nation - Pagina 51
Irish Literature - History, Colonialism and The Themes of The Nation - Pagina 52
Irish Literature - History, Colonialism and The Themes of The Nation - Pagina 53
Irish Literature - History, Colonialism and The Themes of The Nation - Pagina 54
Irish Literature - History, Colonialism and The Themes of The Nation - Pagina 55
Irish Literature - History, Colonialism and The Themes of The Nation - Pagina 56
Irish Literature - History, Colonialism and The Themes of The Nation - Pagina 57
Irish Literature - History, Colonialism and The Themes of The Nation - Pagina 58
Irish Literature - History, Colonialism and The Themes of The Nation - Pagina 59
Irish Literature - History, Colonialism and The Themes of The Nation - Pagina 60
Irish Literature - History, Colonialism and The Themes of The Nation - Pagina 61
Irish Literature - History, Colonialism and The Themes of The Nation - Pagina 62
Irish Literature - History, Colonialism and The Themes of The Nation - Pagina 63
Irish Literature - History, Colonialism and The Themes of The Nation - Pagina 64
Irish Literature - History, Colonialism and The Themes of The Nation - Pagina 65
Irish Literature - History, Colonialism and The Themes of The Nation - Pagina 66
Irish Literature - History, Colonialism and The Themes of The Nation - Pagina 67
Irish Literature - History, Colonialism and The Themes of The Nation - Pagina 68
Irish Literature - History, Colonialism and The Themes of The Nation - Pagina 69
Irish Literature - History, Colonialism and The Themes of The Nation - Pagina 70
Irish Literature - History, Colonialism and The Themes of The Nation - Pagina 71
Irish Literature - History, Colonialism and The Themes of The Nation - Pagina 72

Conținut arhivă zip

  • Irish Literature - History, Colonialism and The Themes of The Nation.doc

Alții au mai descărcat și

English Modernism

JAMES JOYCE Now, as never before, his strange name seemed to him a prophecy. So timeless seemed the grey warm air, so fluid and impersonal his own...

Shakespearean English

This final study session is intended to complete your knowledge about the evolution of the English language along the last half a millennium. This...

Limba Engleza Contemporana

There are lots of ways of describing the nature of poetry and accounting for its significance, all of them theoretical constructs designed to...

Semantic Theories

Chapter I LANGUAGE AS A CONCEPTUAL SYSTEM Language is not only an instrument of communication. It is far more than this - it is the means by...

Gramatica Limbii Engleze

1.1 Felul substantivelor Substantivele în limba engleza se pot împarti în patru categorii: - substantive comune: cat, girl, lamp - substantive...

Gramatica Engleza

FUTURE CONTINUOUS Future continuous, form The future continuous is made up of two elements: the simple future of the verb 'to be' + the present...

Morfologia

1. MORFOLOGIA (THE MORPHOLOGY) (gr. morphe = formă, logos = studiu) Morfologia este partea gramaticii care cuprinde regulile de modificare a...

Limba Engleza Contemporana

3. Modality and modal verbs Syntactic properties of modal verbs Modals add to the lexical verb a special semantic component such as ability,...

Ai nevoie de altceva?