Limba Engleză

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UNIVERSITATEA ‘ANDREI ŞAGUNA’ FACULTATEA DE PSIHOSOCIOLOGIE SPECIALIZAREA PSIHOLOGIE AN II SEMESTRUL I

Cuprins

CONTENTS

Topic 1 (Verb Tenses)

Auxiliaries TO BE/TO DO 3

Present Simple Tense 4

Present Tense Continuous 4

Interrogative in English 6

Negative in English 7

Past Tense Simple 7

Past Tense Continuous 8

Future Simple 20

Future with ‘Going To’ 21

Topic 2 (Nouns)

Countable and Uncountable Nouns 10

Gender in English 10

Plural in English 11

Topic 3 (Articles)

Definite Articles 15

Indefinite Articles 16

Zero Articles 17

Extras din document

1. AUXILIARIES IN ENGLISH

TO BE TO HAVE

I am=eu sunt I have-eu am

You are=tu esti/voi sunteti You have=tu ai/voi aveti

He/She/It is=el/ea este He/She/It has=el/ea are

We are=noi suntem We have=noi avem

They are=ei/ele sunt They have=ei/ele au

GREETINGS

Hello!

Hi!

Good morning!

Good afternoon!

Good evening!

Good night!

Good bye!

Bye! Bye!

See you later!/See you soon!

2. PRESENT SIMPLE

We use this tense for :

-facts and permanent states: Ralph works for a plumbing company.

-general truths and laws of nature: The moon revolves around the Earth.

-habits and routines(with always, usually..): We usually rent films at the weekends.

-timetables and programmes (in the future): My plane lands at 6.00 exactly.

-sporting commentaries, reviews and narrations: Lee swings his bat and scores a home run.

-likes and dislikes I love Slovenia. It’s a beautiful country.

It is formed with “S”/”ES” added at 3rd person singular

Ex: to work-he works

to wash-he washes

TIME EXPRESSIONS used with present simple:

-usually, often, always, every day/every week, in the morning, at night, on Fridays

3. PRESENT CONTINUOUS

-TO BE + VB +ING

-for actions taking place at or around the moment of speaking:

He is washing his car now.

-for temporary situations

We are replacing the carpets in the bedroom this weekend.

-for fixed arrangements in the near future

We’re signing up for a yoga class tomorrow.

-for currently changing and developing situations

The days are becoming shorter and shorter.

-with adverbs such as ALWAYS to express anger or irritation at a repeated action

You are always blaming others for your mistakes.

TIME EXPRESSION used with present continuous:

-now, at the moment, at present, these days, nowadays, still, today, tonight

INTRODUCING SOMEONE (FAMILY AND FRIENDS)

-Hi! This is my friend, Mike!

-Hello, Mike! Nice to meet you!/ Glad to meet you!/How do you do, Mike!

-It’s a pleasure meeting you!

-Hello! May I introduce Mary, Mike’s sister?

Vocabulary practice containing words describing family members and relatives

EXERCISES:

Put the verb in the correct form, present continuous or present simple:

1. Let’s go out. It (not/rain) now.

2. Julia is very good at languages. She (speak) four languages very well.

3. Hurry up! Everybody (wait) for you.

4. ‘ (you/listen) to the radio?’ ‘No, you can turn it off.’

5. ‘ (you/ listen) to the radio every day?’ No, just occasionally.

6. The River Nile (flow) into the Mediterranean.

7. Look at the river. It (flow) very fast today-much faster than usual.

8. We usually (grow) vegetables in our garden but this year we (not/grow) any.

9. ‘How is your English?’ ‘Not bad. It (improve) slowly.’

10. Ron is in London at the moment. He (stay) at the Park Hotel. He (always/stay) there when he’s in London.

11. Can we stop walking soon? I (start) to feel tired.

12. ‘Can you drive?’ ‘I (learn). My father (teach) me’.

13. Normally I (finish) work at 5.00, but this week I (work) until 6.00 to earn a bit more money.

14. My parents (live) in Bristol. They were born there and have never lived anywhere else. Where (your parents/live)?

15. Sonia (look) for a place to live. She (stay) with her sister until she finds somewhere.

16. ‘What (your father/do)?’ ‘He’s an architect but he (not/work) at the moment.’

17. (at a party) Usually I (enjoy) parties but I (not/enjoy) this one very much.

18. The train is never late. It (always/leave) on time.

19. Jim is very untidy. He (always/leave) his things all over the place.

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